Philosophical life, based on contemplative leisure and the pleasure of learning, is indeed better and happier than that of ruling the state d.
In democracies without law, demagogues leaders appealing to emotions took over. Hardison Certified Educator Plato contends we are all made of the same three parts yet not all have the parts aligned in a healthy balance. Nevertheless, human beings are not vicious by nature.
Its members will study philosophy and be given government and military positions until age 50, when the best of them become philosopher kings. Which ideas of Aristotle? If they choose to be just and obey laws, it is only because they lack the power to act criminally and are afraid of punishment Republic, a.
And they were grappling with many of the same political questions. For in democracies where the laws are not supreme, demagogues spring up. Although cherishing the hope of assuming a significant place in his political community, he found himself continually thwarted.
When Alexander the Great died, however, anti-Macedonians took control of Athens. When Alexander became king of Macedon in B. The democrats make laws in support of democracy; the aristocrats make laws that support the government of the well-born; the propertied make laws that protect their status and keep their businesses going; and so on.
Plato was an idealist, who believed that everything had an ideal form. He hoped that his Politics, a collection of essays on government, would provide direction for rulers, statesmen, and politicians.
And to this must be added their reluctance to contribute money, because they are lovers of money. Which ideas of Aristotle? Studies of Particular Topics 1.
The law ought to be supreme over all. When Alexander the Great died, however, anti-Macedonians took control of Athens. In creating the judicial branch of government, the framers gave federal judges lifetime terms, thus ensuring that judges would base their decisions on the law and not on politics.
The failure to allow circulation between classes excludes those men who may be ambitious, and wise, but are not in the right class of society to hold any type of political power Hacker The theory of Democracy that Aristotle derived states that democracy is a "perversion" form of government of "polity" Hacker In this way, Plato tries to keep these classes from gaining wealth or producing family dynasties.
Written as a dialogue among characters and set in a private home, the book describes a small group of Athenians discussing political philosophy.
A reliable translation with introduction and notes is by P. The city remained, however, a cultural center. Americans had overthrown what they considered a tyrannous British government.
The warrior class is spirited and lives by a code of honor. He assigns ruling authority to those who have a functioning alignment and balance between their three constituent parts and a dominant dedication to the highest: They are required to counteract the destabilizing effects of false beliefs on society.
In his position, he could easily have become the tyrant over the city, but he did not seek power for himself.
That is, a government that is ruled by laws. The warrior and ruling classes live in barracks, eat together, and share possessions. Finally, moderation, a sense of the limits that bring peace and happiness to all, is the quality of all social classes.
Plato rejected the rule of the mistake prone and seemingly unreasoning democratic faction and equally rejected the oligarchic rule of the retaliatory wealthy elite. During his lifetime, Athens turned away from her military and imperial ambitions and became the intellectual center of Greece.
And what if they, in like manner, rob and plunder the people—is this just? Rather than produce a blueprint for the perfect society, Aristotle suggested, in his work, The Politics, that the society itself should reach for the best possible system that could be attained Hacker Rule by a minority in the interest of all is aristocracy ; rule by a minority in the interest of itself is oligarchy.
But of course, the forms cities are really the forms of men but they look at cities so as to see a men's souls more clearly.Regarding the constitution that is ideal or “according to prayer,” Aristotle criticizes the views of his predecessors in Politics and then offers a rather sketchy blueprint of his own in Politics VII and VIII.
Aristotle stressed that these laws must uphold just principles, such that “true forms of government will of necessity have just laws, and perverted forms of government will have unjust laws.” Aristotle held views similar to Plato’s about the dangers of democracy and oligarchy.
He feared that both pitted the rich against the poor. For Plato, as for Solon, government exists for the benefit of all citizens and all social classes, and must mediate between potentially conflicting interests.
Such a mediating force is exercised in the ideal city of the Republic by the philosopher-rulers. PLATO-ARISTOTLE IDEAL STATE: COMPARE AND CONTRAST Related questions: COMPARING PLATO AND ARISTOTLE’S IDEAL STATE i. Critics of Democracy – Both perceived democracy as the worst form of government.
For Plato, democracy is the worst of all lawful (best) governments and the best of all lawless (worst) ones. Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of Forms but not the notion of form itself.
For Aristotle, forms do not exist independently of things—every form is the form of some thing. A “substantial” form is a kind that is attributed to a thing, without which that thing would be of a different kind or.
Aristotle says, in his Politics, that the preferred system of government is of a constitutional form. That is, a government that is ruled by laws.
That is, a government that is ruled by laws. Thus, it seems that Aristotle and Plato shared a fondness for “just” law.Download